WordPress

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Security

How To Remove The WordPress Version Number

Edit your theme's functions.php and add the following line...

// remove version from head
remove_action('wp_head', 'wp_generator');
// remove version from rss
add_filter('the_generator', '__return_empty_string');
// remove version from scripts and styles
function shapeSpace_remove_version_scripts_styles($src) {
  if (strpos($src, 'ver=')) {
    $src = remove_query_arg('ver', $src);
  }
  return $src;
}
add_filter('style_loader_src', 'shapeSpace_remove_version_scripts_styles', 9999);
add_filter('script_loader_src', 'shapeSpace_remove_version_scripts_styles', 9999);

Thanks

MySQL Performance

Non Bitnami Server

sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf
  [mysqld]
  performance_schema = OFF
sudo service mysql restart  (or  sudo systemctl restart mysql.service)

Thanks

Bitnami Server

sudo nano /opt/bitnami/mysql/my.cnf
  [mysqld]
  performance_schema = OFF
sudo /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh restart mysql

Remove Rest API From Header

https://thomas.vanhoutte.be/miniblog/remove-api-w-org-rest-api-from-wordpress-header/

Giving WordPress Its Own Directory

There are 2 ways to do this...

  1. without URL change (e.g. domain.com/)
  2. with URL change (domain.com/wordpress/)

https://wordpress.org/support/article/giving-wordpress-its-own-directory/

Amazon Polly Audio

https://docs.aws.amazon.com/polly/latest/dg/plugin.html

Google SiteKit

https://sitekit.withgoogle.com/

https://github.com/google/site-kit-wp/releases

SEO

  1. Stay active on social media.
  2. Focus on building quality backlinks.
  3. Establish yourself as an expert in your niche.
  4. Experiment with different types of content.
  5. Improve your website's performance.

Ranking Factors

Yoast SEO Webmaster Tools

Google Analytics SEO Tips

Royalty Free Images

PixaBay

PixNio

Flickr

Best Free Stock Photo Web Sites

Contact Form 7

How to Hide the Recaptcha box

WPforms

Add field values for Dropdown, Checkboxes, and Multiple Choice fields

FIX: ERROR: Another update is currently in progress

It is an automatic lock to prevent simultaneous core updates. It will be gone after 15 minutes. If you don't want to wait, delete the record from options table – usually wp_options.

sudo -u ftpuser wp option delete core_updater.lock

Success: Deleted 'core_updater.lock' option.

Thanks

Disable Automatic Updates

You can disable automatic updates in WordPress by adding this line of code in your wp-config.php file:

define( 'WP_AUTO_UPDATE_CORE', false );

Change Post Types

Rename the default 'Posts' to 'News' or something else

Performance Tweaks

define('DISABLE_WP_CRON', true);

GTMetrix WordPress Web Site Analysis and Performance Tool

PNG2JPG

Oxygen Builder - Speed Up WordPress in 2019: How To Optimize Your Website & Make It Load Fast

Accessibility Skip To Main Content

One of the earliest solutions in all of web accessibility was the "skip to main content" link, a same page link at the top of the page that enables users to skip past navigation links and go straight to the main content of the web page. Despite the fact that these links have been in use since the early 1990's, they actually aren't implemented well at all by browsers. They can be a huge benefit to sighted non-mousers (navigating by keyboard) but they don't work for these users in any browser other than Firefox and Internet Explorer, and they don't even work in IE unless link targets have tabindex="0".

<div id="skiplink-container">
   <div>
     <a href="#content" class="skiplink">Skip to main content</a>
   </div>
 </div>
 
 <div>
   <main role="main" id="content" tabindex="-1">
   ...
   content in here
   ...
   </main>
 </div>

https://www.w3schools.com/tags/tag_main.asp

Gutenberg

How to add more Columns

The default columns block uses two columns, but you can add up to six columns in one column block.

To increase the number of columns, click somewhere in the column block but outside of the blocks within it. You'll see the settings in the sidebar switch from the Document settings to the Block settings revealing extra options. You can use the slider or the number input to adjust the number of columns from 2-6.

https://www.competethemes.com/blog/wordpress-make-columns/

Elementor

Fix Mixed Content Error on SSL

First, search and replace all references to non secure addresses...

Dashboard > Elementor > Tools > Replace URL > http://www.thisdomain.co.uk -- https://www.thisdomain.co.uk

https://docs.elementor.com/article/218-i-changed-the-url-of-my-website-and-elementor-does-not-work-anymore

Second, clear the Cache from WP Rocket or similar...

Dashboard > WP Rocket > Clear Cache

Oxygen Builder

Introduction

Oxygen is a plugin that replaces the Theme system in WordPress. It allows you to build your own Templates for use in any page. It produces the most efficient code and the fastest loading web sites.

Features

https://wparena.com/oxygen-review/

Purchase

https://oxygenbuilder.com/pricing

Installation

Plugins > Add New > Upload Plugin > Browse > Install Now

Documentation

https://oxygenbuilder.com/documentation/

Support

Slack - Oxygen Builder General Support

https://oxygenbuilder.com/support

Tips

https://oxywp.com/en/home-page/

How To Clone A Template

Under "Edit with Oxygen" you can click on shortcode and copy the content, then create a new template, click on shortcode, paste it and save it. Done.

Google Analytics

Plugins

SIMPLE

ADVANCED

WooCommerce

Categories

https://atlantisthemes.com/woocommerce-categories/

Customise Breadcrumb

https://docs.woocommerce.com/document/customise-the-woocommerce-breadcrumb/

Accompanying Plugins

Request A Quote

Media Queries Screen Sizes List

/* Set the background color of body to tan */
body {
  background-color: tan;
}

/* On screens that are 992px or less, set the background color to blue */
@media screen and (max-width: 992px) {
  body {
    background-color: blue;
  }
}

/* On screens that are 600px or less, set the background color to olive */
@media screen and (max-width: 600px) {
  body {
    background-color: olive;
  }
}

CSS Media Queries - More Examples

This is a list of the known screen sizes so that you can customise your CSS for mobile devices.

For example, a Google Pixel...

@media screen 
  and (device-width: 360px) 
  and (device-height: 640px) 
  and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 3) 
  and (orientation: portrait) {

}

https://css-tricks.com/snippets/css/media-queries-for-standard-devices/

Test Pages

Resize you browser window and watch the magic happen...

https://www.w3schools.com/cssref/tryit.asp?filename=trycss3_media_bg

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<style>
body {
  background-color: yellow;
}
@media only screen and (max-width: 600px) {
  body {
    background-color: lightblue;
  }
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>The @media Rule</h1>

Resize the browser window. When the width of this document is 600 pixels or less, the background-color is "lightblue", otherwise it is "yellow".

</body>
</html>

Menu Descriptions

https://www.wpbeginner.com/wp-themes/how-to-add-menu-descriptions-in-your-wordpress-themes/

Custom PHP Code

Paste the PHP code into your theme's file:

<?php 
echo do_shortcode('[smartslider3 slider=1]');
?>

Disable Avatars Gravatar

Every page load will try to contact gravatar.com to load a user's avatar. To speed things up, disable avatars...

Settings > Discussion > untick Show Avatars > Save Settings > Log Out

Make Twenty Nineteen Full Width

https://benjaminintal.com/2018/12/11/how-to-make-twenty-nineteens-content-full-width/

Responsive CSS Templates

https://www.w3schools.com/css/css_rwd_templates.asp

Simple One Page Theme

https://www.famethemes.com/themes/onepress/

https://raratheme.com/wordpress-themes/business-one-page/

https://demo.themegrill.com/flash-one-page/

https://www.inkthemesdemo.com/wptheme/free-one-page-wordpress-theme/

Nice Themes

Astra

Pysio

Google Fonts

Google Fonts Plugin

Host Google Fonts Locally

Security Scan

https://wpscans.com

FTP Details

/** FTP Tweaks */
define('FS_METHOD', 'ftpext');
define('FTP_HOST', 'ftp.example.org');
define('FTP_USER', 'username');
define('FTP_PASS', 'password');
define('FTP_BASE', '/path/to/wordpress/');

Full list of FTP variables...

define('FS_METHOD', 'ftpext');
define('FTP_BASE', '/path/to/wordpress/');
define('FTP_CONTENT_DIR', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/');
define('FTP_PLUGIN_DIR ', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/plugins/');
define('FTP_PUBKEY', '/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa.pub');
define('FTP_PRIKEY', '/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa');
define('FTP_USER', 'username');
define('FTP_PASS', 'password');
define('FTP_HOST', 'ftp.example.org');
define('FTP_SSL', false);

https://wordpress.org/support/article/editing-wp-config-php/

Version 5 Gutenberg Editor

https://wordpress.org/gutenberg/handbook/designers-developers/

About Page

https://www.domain.com/wp-admin/about.php

Hacking

WPscan - Open Source WordPress scanner

Attacking WordPress - /readme.html

Hack Check

11 Top Reasons Why WordPress Sites Get Hacked (and How to Prevent it)

How To Hack A WordPress Web Site

WordPress Releases

https://wordpress.org/download/releases/

WordPress with Lighttpd

Installation

need to add

  • add php repo
  • add mysql repo
  • add extra php modules for new 'site health' (php7.3-bcmath, php-imagick)

https://make.wordpress.org/hosting/handbook/handbook/server-environment/#php-extensions

sudo -i
apt-get install lighttpd php-cgi php-mysql mysql-server
lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php
wget -O wordpress-latest.tar.gz http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf wordpress-latest.tar.gz -C /var/www/domain.co.uk/html/
cd /var/www/domain.co.uk/html
mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
chown -R ftpuser1:www-data .
find . -type f -exec chmod 664 {} +
find . -type d -exec chmod 775 {} +
chmod 660 wp-config.php

https://www.smashingmagazine.com/2014/05/proper-wordpress-filesystem-permissions-ownerships

FIXES THE RECENT WORDPRESS 5 BUG OF NOT SAVING PAGES

$HTTP["host"] =~ "domain.co.uk" {
  url.rewrite-if-not-file = (
  # Exclude directories
  "^/(wp-admin|wp-includes|wp-content|gallery2|.well-known)/(.*)" => "$0",
  # Exclude root php files
  "^/(.*.php)" => "$0",
  # Handle permalinks and feeds
  "^/(.*)$" => "/index.php/$1"
  )
}

WordPress with NginX

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-install-linux-nginx-mysql-php-lemp-stack-in-ubuntu-16-04

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-install-wordpress-with-lemp-on-ubuntu-16-04

NOTES

sudo apt-get install nano
sudo apt-get install nginx
sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo mysql_secure_installation
sudo apt-get install php-fpm php-mysql
sudo apt-get install php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc
sudo apt-get install curl

https://www.techrepublic.com/article/how-to-install-mcrypt-for-php-7-2/

Tuning Performance

https://mmoapi.com/post/tuning-nginx-php-fpm-and-system-sysctl-to-increase-website-performance

Registration Page

/wp-login.php?action=register

Backup

https://managewp.com/features/backup

https://websitesetup.org/wordpress-backup/

WordPress Site Management

https://mainwp.com/features/

WordPress MultiSite

https://premium.wpmudev.org/blog/ultimate-guide-multisite/

Move Posts To Different Types

  • Posts to Pages
  • Pages to Posts
  • Default Post Type to Custom Post Type

http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/post-type-switcher/

Custom Post Types and Categories and Taxonomies

https://www.wpbeginner.com/wp-tutorials/how-to-exportimport-custom-post-types-in-wordpress/

https://www.wpbeginner.com/wp-tutorials/how-to-add-categories-to-a-custom-post-type-in-wordpress/

Import Posts with Images

https://wordpress.org/plugins/export-featured-images/

https://kellenmace.com/include-featured-images-with-posts-using-wordpress-exportimport-tool/

https://wordpress.stackexchange.com/questions/257180/how-to-import-wordpress-posts-with-images-from-one-wordpress-site-to-another

HOWTO: Download Older Versions of WordPress Plugins

https://kinsta.com/knowledgebase/download-older-versions-of-wordpress-plugins/

HOWTO: Increase PHP Memory Limit (UpdraftPlus Error)

https://updraftplus.com/faqs/deal-fatal-error-allowed-memory-size-errors/

HOWTO: Disable wp-cron.php WP_CRON

WordPress uses a file called wp-cron.php as a virtual cron job, or scheduled task in order to automate things like publishing scheduled posts, checking for plugin or theme updates, sending email notifications and more.

By default WordPress is set up to call wp-cron.php every time someone visits your WordPress website when a scheduled task is present, to basically ask "is it time to do anything yet?".

On low traffic sites this is perfectly fine, but when visitors roll in, checking multiple times for scheduled tasks can be very inefficient and lead to resource usage problems for your server, plus make your website load slower.

To fix this, change the following setting in your wp-config.php file...

define('DISABLE_WP_CRON', true);

Then, create a cron job to call the script...

crontab -e
@hourly cd /var/www/website.co.uk/html/ && sudo -u www-data php wp-cron.php

or

@hourly curl --silent https://www.website.co.uk/wp-cron.php?doing_wp_cron

Thanks - https://www.inmotionhosting.com/support/website/wordpress/disabling-the-wp-cronphp-in-wordpress

HOWTO: Disable WordPress User Account

  • Method 1 - change the user's role to 'No Role For This Site'
  • Method 2 - install the Disable Users Plugin and disable that user.

Thanks - https://9seeds.com/how-to-disable-wordpress-user-accounts/

HOWTO: Hide Page Title Per Basis

style.css

.page-id-1826 .entry-title {display: none;}

Thanks - https://premium.wpmudev.org/blog/wordpress-hide-page-title-or-post-title-on-a-case-by-case-basis/

HOWTO: Download Latest Version

wget -O wordpress-latest.tar.gz http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

HOWTO: Update Admin User Password Command Line

mysql -u root -p wordpress_database -e "UPDATE wp_users SET user_pass=MD5('MyNewPassword') WHERE ID='1';"

HOWTO: Extract WordPress Without First Directory

sudo tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf latest.tar.gz -C /path/to/directory/

e.g.

sudo tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf latest.tar.gz -C /var/www/domain.com/html/

HOWTO: Correct Ownership And Permissions Of Wordpress Files

You need to make the user the FTP login and the group the user Apache or Lighttpd runs as...

sudo chown -R fred:www-data /var/www/fred.com/html/

Change to the correct directory...

cd /var/www/fred.com/html/

For secure permissions...

sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} +
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} +
sudo chmod 640 wp-config.php

For relaxed permissions...

sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 664 {} +
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 775 {} +
sudo chmod 660 wp-config.php

HOWTO: Disable Update Check For A Single Plugin

Open the main plugin file and change the version number to 9.9.9

HOWTO: Create MySQL Database

  1. log in to mysql
  2. create database
  3. set user and password and permissions
  4. log out of mysql
mysql -u root -p
create database wordpress;
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE ON wordpress.* to 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' identified by 'mypassword';
quit;

HOWTO: Generate Salt Keys

https://api.wordpress.org/secret-key/1.1/salt/

HOWTO: Complete Configuration

cd /var/www/domain.com/html
sudo rm -iv index.html
sudo mv -v wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
sudo nano wp-config.php
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpressdatabase');
define('DB_USER', 'wordpressuser');
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'mYPassWOrd');
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
/** Authentication Unique Keys and Salts.
REPLACE LINES WITH YOUR LINES FROM SALT LINK ABOVE

Now load the web site in your web browser and complete installation.


HOWTO: Enable Updates Via SSH / SFTP

sudo aptitude install libssh2-php

Then, restart your web server software.

Thanks - https://snowulf.com/2010/06/29/wordpress-enabling-sshsftp-updates/

HOWTO: Update Via Command Line

WP CLI is a command line tool for managing your WordPress installation.

http://wp-cli.org

Install

NEW

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiagohillebrandt/wp-cli
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -s install wp-cli
sudo apt-get -y install wp-cli
sudo -u www-data wp --info

OLD

sudo apt-get install php-cli
curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wp-cli/builds/gh-pages/phar/wp-cli.phar
chmod +x wp-cli.phar
sudo mv wp-cli.phar /usr/local/bin/wp
sudo -u www-data wp --info

Commands

wp --info
wp core version
wp core check-update
wp core update
wp core update-db
rm wp-config-sample.php

Complete CLI Setup

#
# using wp command line tool to make a wordpress web site
# 

# create directories and log files
sudo mkdir -p /var/www/www.domain.co.uk/{html,logs,.wp-cli/cache}
sudo touch /var/www/www.domain.co.uk/logs/{access,error}.log
sudo chmod g+w /var/www/www.domain.co.uk/logs/{access,error}.log
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/www.domain.co.uk/

# change to working directory
cd /var/www/www.domain.co.uk/html/

# create environment variables
export WP_CLI_CACHE_DIR=/var/www/www.domain.co.uk/.wp-cli/cache

# check wp cli working
sudo -u www-data -E wp --info

# download the core wordpress files
sudo -u www-data -E wp core download --locale=en_GB

# check the core wordpress files
sudo -u www-data -E wp core verify-checksums

# create a wordpress mysql database
sudo mysql -u root -p -e "CREATE DATABASE wwwdomaincouk; CREATE USER 'wwwdomaincouk' IDENTIFIED BY 'SuperPassword'; GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE ON wwwdomaincouk.* TO 'wwwdomaincouk'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;"

# create a wordpress configuration file
sudo -u www-data -E wp core config --dbname='wwwdomaincouk' --dbuser='wwwdomaincouk' --dbpass='AnotherGoodPassword' --dbhost='localhost' --dbprefix='wp_'

# complete the installation process
sudo -u www-data -E wp core install --url='http://www.domain.co.uk' --title='Web Site Name' --admin_user='joe.bloggs' --admin_password='MyGoodPassword' --admin_email='me@domain.co.uk'

# log in to the web browser to check web site working and admin dashboard works
wget http://www.domain.co.uk

# check for updates
sudo -u www-data -E wp core version
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update-db
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin list
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin update --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme list
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme update --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp language core list --status=active
sudo -u www-data -E wp language core update
sudo -u www-data -E wp language plugin list --all --status=active
sudo -u www-data -E wp language plugin update --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp language theme list --all --status=active
sudo -u www-data -E wp language theme update --all

# add new user
sudo -u www-data -E wp user create john.doe john.doe@domain.co.uk --role=administrator --first_name=John --last_name=Doe --nickname=John --display_name=John

# list users
sudo -u www-data -E wp user list

As Another User On Server

cd /path/to/wordpress/
sudo -u www-data -E wp --help
sudo -u www-data -E wp core --help
sudo -u www-data -E wp core check-update
sudo -u www-data -E wp core download
sudo -u www-data -E wp core is-installed
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update-db
sudo -u www-data -E wp core verify-checksums
sudo -u www-data -E wp core version
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin --help
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin update
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin update --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin activate --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme --help
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme list
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme update --all
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme list
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme delete twentysixteen
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme delete twentyseventeen
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme list
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme search Intentionally
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme install intentionally-blank
sudo -u www-data -E wp theme activate intentionally-blank
sudo -u www-data -E wp language plugin --all update
sudo -u www-data -E wp language theme --all update
sudo -u www-data -E wp language core update

Reset User Password

1. Move into the /wordpress directory and type

sudo -u www-data wp user list

to see all users. Find the ID of the user you'd like to update.

2. Then, update the user

sudo -u www-data wp user update 1 --user_pass=$UP3RstrongP4$$w0rd

replacing "1" with the id of the user you want to update.

Check A Post For Type

sudo -u www-data wp post get 230

Search and Replace and View Changes

sudo -u www-data wp search-replace --report-changed-only --log 'Lorem ' 'Lorum ' --dry-run

Search and Replace WordPress Database Change URL

sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk' --dry-run
sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk'

or for auto SSL sites...

sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'https://www.domain.co.uk' --dry-run
sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'https://www.domain.co.uk'

HOWTO: CREATE: Child Themes

  • FTP in to site
  • Navigate to wp-content | themes
  • Create a new folder for the child theme, for example twentyfifteen-child (where twentyfifteen is the name of your parent theme)
  • Create a text file named style.css
  • Copy and paste the text from Example 1 below in to the style.css file.

Example 1:

/*
Theme Name: Example
Theme URI: http://example.co.uk
Description: Custom child theme
Author: Why me of course
Author URI: http://anotherexample.com
Template: theme-child
Version: 0.1
*/

@import url("../theme/style.css");
  • Next alter the text so it matches the details of the website the parent theme.

Example 2:

/*
Theme Name: twentyeleven-child
Theme URI: http://mywebsite.co.uk
Description: Custom child theme
Author: Fred Dibnah
Author URI: http://dibnah-inc.com
Template: twentyeleven 
Version: 0.1
*/

@import url("../twentyeleven/style.css");
  • FTP style.css to wp-content | themes | twentyfifteen-child
  • In the WordPress control panel navigate to Appearance | Themes

HOWTO: REMOVE: Comment Box From An Existing Page

  • All Pages
  • Select the 'Quick Edit' option
  • Un-tick 'Allow Comments'

HOWTO: ALTER: Site URL

There are various methods to change the Site URL manually. Any of these methods will work and perform much the same function.

1. Edit wp-config.php

It is possible to set the site URL manually in the wp-config.php file.

Add these two lines to your wp-config.php, where "example.com" is the correct location of your site.

define('WP_HOME','http://example.com');
define('WP_SITEURL','http://example.com');

2. MySQL

Edit home and siteurl from the wp_options table using PHPMyAdmin or similar.

3. wp Command Line

A. You can use the official WP command line tool to alter the 'home', 'siteurl' options.

cd /path/to/wordpress/files
sudo -u user wp option get home
sudo -u user wp option get siteurl
sudo -u user wp option update home 'http://www.domain.co.uk'
sudo -u user wp option update siteurl 'http://www.domain.co.uk'

https://developer.wordpress.org/cli/commands/option/

B. You can also use the command line to alter every part of the MySQL Database.

cd /path/to/wordpress/files
sudo -u user wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk' --dry-run
sudo -u user wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk'

https://developer.wordpress.org/cli/commands/search-replace/

HOWTO: htaccess Extra Security Tweaks

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
# extra security tweaks
RewriteRule ^wp-admin/includes/ - [F,L]
RewriteRule !^wp-includes/ - [S=3]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/[^/]+\.php$ - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.+\.php - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/theme-compat/ - [F,L]
</IfModule>

http://wordpress.org/download/

HOWTO: Disable All Plugins Via PHPMyAdmin Or MySQL

mysql> update wp_options set option_value = "a:0:{}" where option_name = 'active_plugins';

Thanks to - http://www.webhostinghero.com/manually-disable-wordpress-plugins/

HOWTO: WordPress Security

Plugins

  1. WordFence
  2. reCAPTCHA
  3. Health Check
  4. Hide My WP WordPress and How to set up Hide my WP for Bitnami Servers

Password Protect Admin Folder Dashboard

https://www.wpbeginner.com/wp-tutorials/how-to-password-protect-your-wordpress-admin-wp-admin-directory/

Tutorials

Secure Your WordPress Website

Secure WordPress Theme

The Ultimate WordPress Security Guide

Security Updates Mailing List

http://www.wordfence.com/subscribe-to-the-wordfence-email-list/

HOWTO: WordPress Core: Add Page Last Modified Date

Add this code to your footer.php file...

Last modified: <?php the_modified_date(); ?>

http://codex.wordpress.org/Template_Tags/the_modified_date

HOWTO: WP-Members: Remove Powered By Link In Footer

Edit the file...

wp-content/plugins/wp-members/wp-members-dialogs.php

Search for 'powered by' and comment out both lines.

HOWTO: Deactivate all plugins when unable to access the administrative menus?

  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, navigate to the wp-contents folder (directory)
  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, rename the folder "plugins" to "plugins.hold"
  • Login to your WordPress administration menus (/wp-admin)
  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, rename "plugins.hold" back to "plugins"

http://codex.wordpress.org/FAQ_Troubleshooting

DukaPress Shop Plugin

TO BE DONE.

HOWTO: SET: The Home Page As A Static Page Instead Of Post

  • Create a new page, it does not have to be called home.
  • Settings --> Reading --> Front page displays --> change from 'Your latest posts' to 'A static page (select below) and use the drop down menu to set the page required.
  • Click 'Save Changes'.
  • Optional: If you still want a 'Posts page' posts that option is also allowed for.

HOWTO: SET: Menus As A Non-Clickable Top Level Item

This method only applies if you are using the default menu provided in WordPress.

First off do not create a page for the non-clickable as there is no need.

  • WP Menu --> Appearance --> Menus
  • Links widget (under Pages in the left hand widget)
  • In the URL box change the contents 'http://' to '#' (without the quotes)
  • Add a label
  • Click the 'Add to Menu' button
  • Click the 'Save Menu' button

WorldPay

TO BE DONE.

Test Credit Card Numbers - http://www.worldpay.com/support/kb/bg/testandgolive/tgl5103.html

HOWTO: Permalinks (Page URL) - Alter

Go to:

Control Panel --> Settings --> Permalinks

Select 'Post name'

Finally click the 'Save Changes' button.

Or the more complicated method:

Add this to your .htaccess file...

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>
# END WordPress

Mobile Skin

http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/wptouch/

HOWTO: REMOVE: 'Home' Button

The code you need to modify is located in the TwentyTen Theme's functions.php file.

$args['show_home'] = false;

PLUGIN: Yoast SEO

How To Hide Breadcrumbs On Home Page

body.home #breadcrumbs {
  display: none;
}

PLUGIN: Coming Soon and Maintenance Mode

https://en-gb.wordpress.org/plugins/coming-soon/

PLUGIN: All-In-One WP Migration

Size Limit Fix

/wp-content/plugins/all-in-one-wp-migration/constants.php
// =================
// = Max File Size =
// =================
define( 'AI1WM_MAX_FILE_SIZE', 536870912 * 8 );

PLUGINS: Caching

https://www.elegantthemes.com/blog/resources/the-best-wordpress-cache-plugins-and-how-to-use-them

HOWTO: FIX:

Error: Sorry, you are not allowed to edit posts in this post type

This is probably because it is a post type of revision...

sudo -u www-data wp post get 449
...
post_name             | 230-revision-v1
post_type             | revision

Error: changeset_post_save_failure

This is caused by a faulty PHP file in the WordPress installation and a possible MySQL database corruption.

Use wp command line to backup the database, then clear the database, then force upgrade the WP install.

sudo -i
sudo -u www-data -E wp db export wp_db_export_file.sql
chown www-data:www-data wp_db_export_file.sql
cp -av wp_db_export_file.sql ~/
cp -av wp-config.php ~/
sudo -u www-data -E wp db reset --yes
service mysql restart
sudo -u www-data -E wp db import wp_db_export_file.sql
sudo -u www-data -E wp db check
sudo -u www-data -E wp db tables
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update --force --locale=en_GB
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update-db
sudo -u www-data -E wp core verify-checksums --locale=en_GB

Error: Wordfence Update Error

If you see this error when updating Wordfence in the WordPress Dashboard...

Installing Plugin: Wordfence Security x.x.x
Downloading install package from https://downloads.wordpress.org/plugin/wordfence.x.x.x.zip…
Unpacking the package…
Could not copy file. wordfence/xxxxx/xxxxxx

You need to go to /wp-content/upgrade/ and delete all the wordfence folders/files in there. Chances are you won't be able to do that via FTP due to chown problems but will need shell access to your server to get rid of them. After that is done you will be able to upgrade without a problem.

cd /home/user/www/wp-content/
sudo rm -rfv upgrade/*

Thanks - https://wordpress.org/support/topic/update-error-v-517

Lighttpd Permalinks

$HTTP["host"] =~ "www\.domain\.uk\.com$" {
server.document-root = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/html"
server.errorlog = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/logs/error.log"
accesslog.filename = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/logs/access.log"
url.rewrite-if-not-file = ( "^/(wp-.+).*/?" => "$0", "^/keyword/([A-Za-z_0-9\-]+)/?$" => "/index.php?keyword=$1", "^/.*?(\?.*)?$" => "/index.php$1" )
}

Thanks - http://antesarkkinen.com/blog/wordpress-with-lighttpd-pretty-url-permalinks-and-jetpack/

Error: PCLZIP_ERR_BAD_FORMAT

Installing Plugin: Disable Author Pages 0.7
Downloading install package from https://downloads.wordpress.org/plugin/disable-author-pages.zip…
Unpacking the package…
The package could not be installed. PCLZIP_ERR_BAD_FORMAT (-10) : Unable to find End of Central Dir Record signature

WP E-Commerce and Gold Cart Plugin

To reinstall for the new version...

  1. Go here - http://getshopped.org/extend/premium-upgrades-files/
  2. Put in API Key and then you can download (as of writing) version 2.9.3 of the gold cart.
  3. Unpack the /gold_cart_files/ folder to your hard disk
  4. FTP in and upload that whole folder to /public_html/wp-content/plugins
  5. Log in to the WP Admin Panel
  6. Go to Plugins and Activate the plugin
  7. Go to the Dashboard section and click on Store Upgrades
  8. Fill in your Name and API Key to activate the plugin
  9. Go to the Store > Presentations section to change drop-down View to Grid View

Updates On Hosting With 1&1

The problem I was having was the update would start, and then just stop after a few seconds.

Then in my wp-content folder I would see a bunch of failed downloads. They were the update zip files with a 0 byte size.

The Solution:

Add the following line to your .htaccess file in the root directory of your blog.

AddType x-mapp-php5 .php

This will enable PHP version 5 + on your blog and then your update should take off.

http://www.big-webmaster.com/wordpress-automatic-update-with-1and1/

White Screen of Death

https://wpmayor.com/what-to-do-when-a-wordpress-plugin-causes-your-website-to-crash/