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Menu Descriptions


Custom PHP Code

Paste the PHP code into your theme's file:

echo do_shortcode('[smartslider3 slider=1]');

Disable Avatars Gravatar

Every page load will try to contact gravatar.com to load a user's avatar. To speed things up, disable avatars...

Settings > Discussion > untick Show Avatars > Save Settings > Log Out

Simple One Page Theme



Nice Themes


Google Fonts

Google Fonts Plugin

Host Google Fonts Locally

Security Scan


FTP Details

/** FTP Tweaks */
define('FS_METHOD', 'ftpext');
define('FTP_HOST', 'ftp.example.org');
define('FTP_USER', 'username');
define('FTP_PASS', 'password');
define('FTP_BASE', '/path/to/wordpress/');

Full list of FTP variables...

define('FS_METHOD', 'ftpext');
define('FTP_BASE', '/path/to/wordpress/');
define('FTP_CONTENT_DIR', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/');
define('FTP_PLUGIN_DIR ', '/path/to/wordpress/wp-content/plugins/');
define('FTP_PUBKEY', '/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa.pub');
define('FTP_PRIKEY', '/home/username/.ssh/id_rsa');
define('FTP_USER', 'username');
define('FTP_PASS', 'password');
define('FTP_HOST', 'ftp.example.org');
define('FTP_SSL', false);


Version 5 Gutenberg Editor


About Page



Hack Check

11 Top Reasons Why WordPress Sites Get Hacked (and How to Prevent it)

How To Hack A WordPress Web Site

WordPress Releases


WordPress with Lighttpd


$HTTP["host"] =~ "domain.co.uk" {
  url.rewrite-if-not-file = (
  # Exclude directories
  "^/(wp-admin|wp-includes|wp-content|gallery2|.well-known)/(.*)" => "$0",
  # Exclude root php files
  "^/(.*.php)" => "$0",
  # Handle permalinks and feeds
  "^/(.*)$" => "/index.php/$1"

WordPress with NginX




sudo apt-get install nano
sudo apt-get install nginx
sudo apt-get install mysql-server
sudo mysql_secure_installation
sudo apt-get install php-fpm php-mysql
sudo apt-get install php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc
sudo apt-get install curl


Tuning Performance


Registration Page





WordPress Site Management


WordPress MultiSite


Custom Post Types and Categories and Taxonomies



Import Posts with Images




HOWTO: Download Older Versions of WordPress Plugins


HOWTO: Increase PHP Memory Limit (UpdraftPlus Error)


HOWTO: Disable wp-cron.php WP_CRON

WordPress uses a file called wp-cron.php as a virtual cron job, or scheduled task in order to automate things like publishing scheduled posts, checking for plugin or theme updates, sending email notifications and more.

By default WordPress is set up to call wp-cron.php every time someone visits your WordPress website when a scheduled task is present, to basically ask "is it time to do anything yet?".

On low traffic sites this is perfectly fine, but when visitors roll in, checking multiple times for scheduled tasks can be very inefficient and lead to resource usage problems for your server, plus make your website load slower.

To fix this, change the following setting in your wp-config.php file...

define('DISABLE_WP_CRON', true);

Then, create a cron job to call the script...

crontab -e
@hourly cd /var/www/website.co.uk/html/ && sudo -u www-data php wp-cron.php

Thanks - https://www.inmotionhosting.com/support/website/wordpress/disabling-the-wp-cronphp-in-wordpress

HOWTO: Disable WordPress User Account

  • Method 1 - change the user's role to 'No Role For This Site'
  • Method 2 - install the Disable Users Plugin and disable that user.

Thanks - https://9seeds.com/how-to-disable-wordpress-user-accounts/

HOWTO: Hide Page Title Per Basis


.page-id-1826 .entry-title {display: none;}

Thanks - https://premium.wpmudev.org/blog/wordpress-hide-page-title-or-post-title-on-a-case-by-case-basis/

HOWTO: Download Latest Version

wget -O wordpress-latest.tar.gz http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

WordPress Lighttpd

sudo -i
apt-get install lighttpd php-cgi php-mysql mysql-server
lighty-enable-mod fastcgi
lighty-enable-mod fastcgi-php
wget -O wordpress-latest.tar.gz http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz
tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf wordpress-latest.tar.gz -C /var/www/domain.co.uk/html/
cd /var/www/domain.co.uk/html
mv wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
chown -R ftpuser1:www-data .
find . -type f -exec chmod 664 {} +
find . -type d -exec chmod 775 {} +
chmod 660 wp-config.php


HOWTO: Update Admin User Password Command Line

mysql -u root -p wordpress_database -e "UPDATE wp_users SET user_pass=MD5('MyNewPassword') WHERE ID='1';"

HOWTO: Extract WordPress Without First Directory

sudo tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf latest.tar.gz -C /path/to/directory/


sudo tar --strip-components=1 -xzvf latest.tar.gz -C /var/www/domain.com/html/

HOWTO: Correct Ownership And Permissions Of Wordpress Files

You need to make the user the FTP login and the group the user Apache or Lighttpd runs as...

sudo chown -R fred:www-data /var/www/fred.com/html/

Change to the correct directory...

cd /var/www/fred.com/html/

For secure permissions...

sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 644 {} +
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} +
sudo chmod 640 wp-config.php

For relaxed permissions...

sudo find . -type f -exec chmod 664 {} +
sudo find . -type d -exec chmod 775 {} +
sudo chmod 660 wp-config.php

HOWTO: Disable Update Check For A Single Plugin

Open the main plugin file and change the version number to 9.9.9

HOWTO: Create MySQL Database

  1. log in to mysql
  2. create database
  3. set user and password and permissions
  4. log out of mysql
mysql -u root -p
create database wordpress;
grant all on wordpress.* to 'wordpressuser'@'localhost' identified by 'mypassword';

HOWTO: Generate Salt Keys


HOWTO: Complete Configuration

cd /var/www/domain.com/html
sudo rm -iv index.html
sudo mv -v wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
sudo nano wp-config.php
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpressdatabase');
define('DB_USER', 'wordpressuser');
define('DB_PASSWORD', 'mYPassWOrd');
define('DB_HOST', 'localhost');
/** Authentication Unique Keys and Salts.

Now load the web site in your web browser and complete installation.

HOWTO: Enable Updates Via SSH / SFTP

sudo aptitude install libssh2-php

Then, restart your web server software.

Thanks - https://snowulf.com/2010/06/29/wordpress-enabling-sshsftp-updates/

HOWTO: Update Via Command Line

WP CLI is a command line tool for managing your WordPress installation.



sudo apt-get install php-cli
curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wp-cli/builds/gh-pages/phar/wp-cli.phar
chmod +x wp-cli.phar
sudo mv wp-cli.phar /usr/local/bin/wp
sudo -u www-data wp --info


wp help core
wp core check-update
wp core version
wp core update
wp core update-db

As Another User On Server

cd /path/to/wordpress/
sudo -u www-data wp --help
sudo -u www-data wp core --help
sudo -u www-data wp core version
sudo -u www-data wp core check-update
sudo -u www-data wp core download
sudo -u www-data wp core is-installed
sudo -u www-data wp core update
sudo -u www-data wp core update-db
sudo -u www-data wp core verify-checksums
sudo -u www-data wp core version
sudo -u www-data wp plugin --help
sudo -u www-data wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data wp plugin --help
sudo -u www-data wp plugin update
sudo -u www-data wp plugin update --all
sudo -u www-data wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data wp plugin --help
sudo -u www-data wp plugin activate --all
sudo -u www-data wp plugin status
sudo -u www-data wp theme --help
sudo -u www-data wp theme list
sudo -u www-data wp theme update --all
sudo -u www-data wp theme list

Reset User Password

1. Move into the /wordpress directory and type

sudo -u www-data wp user list

to see all users. Find the ID of the user you'd like to update.

2. Then, update the user

sudo -u www-data wp user update 1 --user_pass=$UP3RstrongP4$$w0rd

replacing "1" with the id of the user you want to update.

Search and Replace WordPress Database Change URL

sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk' --dry-run
sudo -u wpusername wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk'

HOWTO: CREATE: Child Themes

  • FTP in to site
  • Navigate to wp-content | themes
  • Create a new folder for the child theme, for example twentyfifteen-child (where twentyfifteen is the name of your parent theme)
  • Create a text file named style.css
  • Copy and paste the text from Example 1 below in to the style.css file.

Example 1:

Theme Name: Example
Theme URI: http://example.co.uk
Description: Custom child theme
Author: Why me of course
Author URI: http://anotherexample.com
Template: theme-child
Version: 0.1

@import url("../theme/style.css");
  • Next alter the text so it matches the details of the website the parent theme.

Example 2:

Theme Name: twentyeleven-child
Theme URI: http://mywebsite.co.uk
Description: Custom child theme
Author: Fred Dibnah
Author URI: http://dibnah-inc.com
Template: twentyeleven 
Version: 0.1

@import url("../twentyeleven/style.css");
  • FTP style.css to wp-content | themes | twentyfifteen-child
  • In the WordPress control panel navigate to Appearance | Themes

HOWTO: REMOVE: Comment Box From An Existing Page

  • All Pages
  • Select the 'Quick Edit' option
  • Un-tick 'Allow Comments'


There are various methods to change the Site URL manually. Any of these methods will work and perform much the same function.

1. Edit wp-config.php

It is possible to set the site URL manually in the wp-config.php file.

Add these two lines to your wp-config.php, where "example.com" is the correct location of your site.


2. MySQL

Edit home and siteurl from the wp_options table using PHPMyAdmin or similar.

3. wp Command Line

A. You can use the official WP command line tool to alter the 'home', 'siteurl' options.

cd /path/to/wordpress/files
sudo -u user wp option get home
sudo -u user wp option get siteurl
sudo -u user wp option update home 'http://www.domain.co.uk'
sudo -u user wp option update siteurl 'http://www.domain.co.uk'


B. You can also use the command line to alter every part of the MySQL Database.

cd /path/to/wordpress/files
sudo -u user wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk' --dry-run
sudo -u user wp search-replace 'http://test.domain.co.uk' 'http://www.domain.co.uk'


HOWTO: htaccess Extra Security Tweaks

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
# extra security tweaks
RewriteRule ^wp-admin/includes/ - [F,L]
RewriteRule !^wp-includes/ - [S=3]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/[^/]+\.php$ - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/js/tinymce/langs/.+\.php - [F,L]
RewriteRule ^wp-includes/theme-compat/ - [F,L]


HOWTO: Disable All Plugins Via PHPMyAdmin Or MySQL

mysql> update wp_options set option_value = "a:0:{}" where option_name = 'active_plugins';

Thanks to - http://www.webhostinghero.com/manually-disable-wordpress-plugins/

HOWTO: WordPress Security


  1. WordFence
  2. reCAPTCHA
  3. Health Check


Secure Your WordPress Website

Secure WordPress Theme

The Ultimate WordPress Security Guide

Security Updates Mailing List


HOWTO: WordPress Core: Add Page Last Modified Date

Add this code to your footer.php file...

Last modified: <?php the_modified_date(); ?>


HOWTO: WP-Members: Remove Powered By Link In Footer

Edit the file...


Search for 'powered by' and comment out both lines.

HOWTO: Deactivate all plugins when unable to access the administrative menus?

  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, navigate to the wp-contents folder (directory)
  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, rename the folder "plugins" to "plugins.hold"
  • Login to your WordPress administration menus (/wp-admin)
  • Via FTP or your host's file manager, rename "plugins.hold" back to "plugins"


DukaPress Shop Plugin


HOWTO: SET: The Home Page As A Static Page Instead Of Post

  • Create a new page, it does not have to be called home.
  • Settings --> Reading --> Front page displays --> change from 'Your latest posts' to 'A static page (select below) and use the drop down menu to set the page required.
  • Click 'Save Changes'.
  • Optional: If you still want a 'Posts page' posts that option is also allowed for.

HOWTO: SET: Menus As A Non-Clickable Top Level Item

This method only applies if you are using the default menu provided in WordPress.

First off do not create a page for the non-clickable as there is no need.

  • WP Menu --> Appearance --> Menus
  • Links widget (under Pages in the left hand widget)
  • In the URL box change the contents 'http://' to '#' (without the quotes)
  • Add a label
  • Click the 'Add to Menu' button
  • Click the 'Save Menu' button



Test Credit Card Numbers - http://www.worldpay.com/support/kb/bg/testandgolive/tgl5103.html

HOWTO: Permalinks (Page URL) - Alter

Go to:

Control Panel --> Settings --> Permalinks

Select 'Post name'

Finally click the 'Save Changes' button.

Or the more complicated method:

Add this to your .htaccess file...

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
# END WordPress

Mobile Skin


HOWTO: REMOVE: 'Home' Button

The code you need to modify is located in the TwentyTen Theme's functions.php file.

$args['show_home'] = false;

PLUGIN: Coming Soon and Maintenance Mode


PLUGIN: All-In-One WP Migration

Size Limit Fix

// =================
// = Max File Size =
// =================
define( 'AI1WM_MAX_FILE_SIZE', 536870912 * 8 );

PLUGINS: Caching



Error: changeset_post_save_failure

This is caused by a faulty PHP file in the WordPress installation and a possible MySQL database corruption.

Use wp command line to backup the database, then clear the database, then force upgrade the WP install.

sudo -i
sudo -u www-data -E wp db export wp_db_export_file.sql
chown www-data:www-data wp_db_export_file.sql
cp -av wp_db_export_file.sql ~/
cp -av wp-config.php ~/
sudo -u www-data -E wp db reset --yes
service mysql restart
sudo -u www-data -E wp db import wp_db_export_file.sql
sudo -u www-data -E wp db check
sudo -u www-data -E wp db tables
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update --force --locale=en_GB
sudo -u www-data -E wp core update-db
sudo -u www-data -E wp core verify-checksums --locale=en_GB

Error: Wordfence Update Error

If you see this error when updating Wordfence in the WordPress Dashboard...

Installing Plugin: Wordfence Security x.x.x
Downloading install package from https://downloads.wordpress.org/plugin/wordfence.x.x.x.zip…
Unpacking the package…
Could not copy file. wordfence/xxxxx/xxxxxx

You need to go to /wp-content/upgrade/ and delete all the wordfence folders/files in there. Chances are you won't be able to do that via FTP due to chown problems but will need shell access to your server to get rid of them. After that is done you will be able to upgrade without a problem.

cd /home/user/www/wp-content/
sudo rm -rfv upgrade/*

Thanks - https://wordpress.org/support/topic/update-error-v-517

Lighttpd Permalinks

$HTTP["host"] =~ "www\.domain\.uk\.com$" {
server.document-root = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/html"
server.errorlog = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/logs/error.log"
accesslog.filename = "/home/lighttpd/www.domain.uk.com/logs/access.log"
url.rewrite-if-not-file = ( "^/(wp-.+).*/?" => "$0", "^/keyword/([A-Za-z_0-9\-]+)/?$" => "/index.php?keyword=$1", "^/.*?(\?.*)?$" => "/index.php$1" )

Thanks - http://antesarkkinen.com/blog/wordpress-with-lighttpd-pretty-url-permalinks-and-jetpack/


Installing Plugin: Disable Author Pages 0.7
Downloading install package from https://downloads.wordpress.org/plugin/disable-author-pages.zip…
Unpacking the package…
The package could not be installed. PCLZIP_ERR_BAD_FORMAT (-10) : Unable to find End of Central Dir Record signature

WP E-Commerce and Gold Cart Plugin

To reinstall for the new version...

  1. Go here - http://getshopped.org/extend/premium-upgrades-files/
  2. Put in API Key and then you can download (as of writing) version 2.9.3 of the gold cart.
  3. Unpack the /gold_cart_files/ folder to your hard disk
  4. FTP in and upload that whole folder to /public_html/wp-content/plugins
  5. Log in to the WP Admin Panel
  6. Go to Plugins and Activate the plugin
  7. Go to the Dashboard section and click on Store Upgrades
  8. Fill in your Name and API Key to activate the plugin
  9. Go to the Store > Presentations section to change drop-down View to Grid View

Updates On Hosting With 1&1

The problem I was having was the update would start, and then just stop after a few seconds.

Then in my wp-content folder I would see a bunch of failed downloads. They were the update zip files with a 0 byte size.

The Solution:

Add the following line to your .htaccess file in the root directory of your blog.

AddType x-mapp-php5 .php

This will enable PHP version 5 + on your blog and then your update should take off.


White Screen of Death