Windows 10

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Fix your work or school account

  1. Open Settings > Accounts > Access work or school
  2. Click on the Organisational account you added previously
  3. Click on "Disconnect"
  4. A prompt will appear asking if you are sure
  5. Click Yes
  6. A further prompt will appear asking you to disconnect from the organisation
  7. Click Disconnect
  8. A yellow error message says "This PC isn't joined to a domain"

Media Creation Tool

sudo -i
woeusb --target-filesystem ntfs --device Win10_1809Oct_English_x64.iso /dev/sdX


WoeUSB from WebUPD8

woeUSB Direct Download

Perform a Clean Boot in Windows 10

Perform A Full Shutdown

Create a shortcut inserting the following command:

"C:WindowsSystem32cmd.exe" /k shutdown /s /f /t 0

From Lifehacker

Add Program To Startup

Press Windows Logo Key + R then type shell:startup and press OK

Event Log Viewer

HOWTO: Upgrade Fresh Install From Windows 7 8

This method creates Boot media


Location of Apps Installed Via Store

Build Release Logs

New/Improved/Removed Features in Windows 10 Release 1803

User Accounts System Window

  1. Log in as Administrator
  2. Press Windows key + R
  3. Type control userpasswords2 and click OK
  4. Click on add under users tab
  5. Click the option, "Sign-in without a Microsoft account
  6. Click on Local account
  7. Choose a name for the account
  8. Add password
  9. Apply and click OK

Thanks -

Enable Boot In To Safe Mode

Option A - Enable Advanced Boot Menu

Open an elevated command prompt.

bcdedit /set {bootmgr} displaybootmenu yes

Restart the computer.

Option B - Enable Advanced Startup Options

  1. Start Menu
  2. Power options
  3. Press and hold down 'Shift' key, then click 'Restart'

Thanks -

Enable Emergency Restart

System File Checker SFC

After completion log file is found at: C:\Windows\Logs\CBS\CBS.log (assuming your main drive is C:)

Backup System

An external hard drive is best for backing up to, you will probably need in excess of 60GB of space.

Windows Explorer

Is now know as 'File Explorer'.

Mounting A Hibernated Hard Drive Under Linux As Read-Only

Explanation: Why Linux can't open hibernated Windows partitions:

You are seeing this error because you hibernated Windows instead of turning it off the normal way (in newer versions of Windows, hibernate might be the default option).

  • Hibernating saves the current state information to the hard disk and then powers down the computer.
  • Shutting down the computer closes all programs and ends all running processes before powering down the computer.

When you turn off Windows by hibernating it, you are essentially pausing the system and saving all of that information (into a big file called hiberfil.sys) This way when you resume from hibernation all of your applications and files will be exactly how you left them. It also sets a flag in hiberfil.sys to let other Operating Systems know that Windows is hibernated.

Making changes to your Windows (ntfs) partition while it is hibernated could be dangerous--it could cause Windows to not resume from hibernation or to crash after resuming. Because of this, the tool (ntfs-3g) that mounts (opens) the partition will not mount it in read-write mode if it sees a hibernation flag. As such, Nautilus, the default file browser, will not be able to automatically open this partition--hence the error message that you see--because it is trying to open it in read-write mode.

Workaround for all versions of Windows:

There are three ways to mount a hibernated Windows partition:

Boot into Windows and power down the system by shutting it down completely. You may then boot back into Ubuntu and the partition will mount in read-write mode automatically when you open it in Nautilus. Note that the "Shut Down" option may not be the one displayed in your start menu by default. You may need to click the button next to it to see further options.

Manually mount the filesystem in read only mode.

Check to see if you have a mount point (folder for mounting your partition in) for your Windows partition in the folder /media using this command:

ls /media

If you don't see a folder for your Windows partition, you should create one with the following command:

sudo mkdir /media/windows

Next, mount the partition in read-only mode onto this folder with this command:

mount -t ntfs-3g -o ro /dev/sda3 /media/windows

Note that you should change /media/windows if your mountpoint is called something else.

Now you will be able to view/open files on your Windows partition using any program in Ubuntu. However you will not be able to write to the partition or modify any files as it is in read only mode.

If you need to mount the partition in read-write mode and are not able to or willing to boot into Windows and shut it down completely there is a third option. However, it is not included here because it completely deletes hiberfil.sys and will cause you to lose all unsaved information in the hibernated Windows programs. The following is a quotation from man ntfs-3g about the option that would be used to do this.

                 Unlike in case of  read-only  mount,  the  read-write  mount  is
                 denied  if  the  NTFS  volume is hibernated. One needs either to
                 resume Windows and shutdown it  properly,  or  use  this  option
                 which  will  remove  the  Windows hibernation file. Please note,
                 this means that the saved Windows  session  will  be  completely
                 lost. Use this option under your own responsibility.

The above tutorial was mercilessly ripped from AskUbuntu as I had a headache from working with Windows and was not in the mood to do a re-write.

Generate Battery Report

powercfg /batteryreport /output "C:\battery_report.html"


Sign Out

The option to Sign (Log) Out is not available from the Start Menu's Power button.

Instead open the Start Menu and at the top left will be displayed the name of the current user.

Right click on the username to access the shell menu which will have options:

  • Change account settings
  • Lock
  • Sign out

Install Windows 7 Style Menu

HOWTO: File Explorer


Action (Notification) Centre Pro

Run gpedit.msc

 Local Computer Policy --> User Configuration --> Administrative Templates --> Start Menu and Taskbar. 

In the right pane locate and double-click:

Remove Notifications and Action Center

On the options page select:


Click 'OK' to save.

Focus Assistant

Settings --> System --> Focus Assist --> Set options as required

Lock Screen

Run regedit

Navigate to


If not already there create a new key called:


Right click on the new ky and chose New and select DWORD (32-bit) Value. Select New Value #1 in the right-hand pane and use F2 to rename it to:


Then double-click on it, change the value data to 1 and click OK. After a reboot, the lock screen will be gone.


Pro & Enterprise Users

Open Group Policy Editor --> Computer Configuration --> Administrative Templates --> Windows Components --> OneDrive --> Change option to "Enabled"

Home Users

  • Uninstall the programme
  • Open Regedit
  • Navigate to: HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{018D5C66-4533-4307-9B53-224DE2ED1FE6}
  • Double click on System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree and set to 0
  • 64-bit only, navigate to HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Wow6432Node\CLSID\{018D5C66-4533-4307-9B53-224DE2ED1FE6}
  • Double click on System.IsPinnedToNameSpaceTree and set to 0

Storage Sense Deleting Downloaded Files

Settings --> System --> Storage --> Storage Sense option "Change how we free up space automatically" --> Change the drop down option "Delete files in my Downloads folder if they have been there for over" to "Never"

Windows Magnifier

Key combination...

Windows + Esc

Automatic Reboot After Windows Updates

Altering the GPO or Registry to prevent rebooting no longer appears to work in Windows 10.

Follow the guide at Ghacks.

Customer Experience

Fast Boot

Live Tiles

Group Policy

  • Run | gpedit.msc
  • In the lefthand pane navigate to the following policy group:
Local Computer Policy | User Configuration | Administrative Templates | Start Menu and Taskbar | Notifications.
  • In the righthand pane locate the entry 'Turn off tile notifications'.
  • Double-click the entry, and on that opens set it to 'Enabled'.


  • Run | regedit.exe
  • If required confirm the UAC prompt that appears.
  • Navigate to the following location: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PushNotifications
  • Right-click on PushNotifications and select New > Dword (32-bit) Value.
  • Name it NoTileApplicationNotification.
  • Double-click the item afterwards and set its value to 1.

Thanks to Ghacks.

Smart Multi-Homed Name Resolution

  • Open regedit
  • Navigate to the key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\DNSClient
  • Right-click on DNSClient and select New > Dword (32-bit) Value.
  • Name the Dword DisableSmartNameResolution.
  • Set its value to 1.
  • Navigate to the key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Dnscache\Parameters
  • Right-click on Parameters and select New > Dword (32-bit) Value.
  • Name it DisableParallelAandAAAA.
  • Set its value to 1.

Thanks to Ghacks.

Store Using (Local) Group Policy - Pro Only

  • Run gpedit.msc
  • Left hand pane - Local Computer Policy > User Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Store
  • Right hand pane, open 'Turn off the store application', select 'Enable' and finally click 'OK'

Windows Defender - Realtime Monitoring On Windows Server 10

Set-MpPreference -DisableRealtimeMonitoring $true

To re-enable:

Set-MpPreference -DisableRealtimeMonitoring $false

Thanks to The Windows Club.

Windows Media Player Network Sharing

Start > type "services.msc" in the search field and press enter.

In the "Services" window, look for the following entry:

Windows Media Player Network Sharing Services

Double click and set the "Startup type" as "Disabled"



Administrator (SUPER User) Account

This tweak will enable the Administrator (super user) account to be shown on the Welcome Screen.

Windows 10 Professional has a built-in administrator account that is by default disabled and hidden. In Windows 10 the administrator account is true super user account (equivalent to root in Unix/Linux), while all other accounts designated as administrators are not 'super users'. The advantage of using the super user administrator account is that it is not subjected to UAC (User Access Control) restriction. The following instructions detail how to enable the super user administrator account:

Click on the Orb/Start button and type 'cmd' (without the speech marks)

Right click on the result 'cmd' then click on the option "Run as administrator"

net user administrator /active:yes

Press enter, then exit the command prompt

To reverse:

net user administrator /active:no

Log out, then back in and set a password.

RSAT Tools

Active Directory

Windows 10 1803 - 1810

Settings > Apps > Features > Add Feature

Windows 10 1903 and newer

Start > Search > PowerShell (run as Administrator)

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Get-WindowsCapability -Name RSAT* -Online | Select-Object -Property Name


PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Add-WindowsCapability -online -name Rsat.ActiveDirectory.DS-LDS.Tools~~~~

Save Space Run Compact OS

MP3 Playback

Bitlocker without TPM


Go to Control Panel > Programs and Features > Turn Windows Features on or off > check or uncheck the box for "SMB 1.0/CIFS File Sharing Support"

Quick Launch Toolbar

For a full tutorial with pictures on adding the Quick Launch Toolbar to Windows 7 follow this link.

Right click on the taskbar and select 'Lock the taskbar'

Right click on the taskbar and select 'Toolbars' --> 'New toolbar'

In the address bar of the resulting window paste the following:

%appdata%\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch

Then click the 'Select Folder' button

The new Quick Launch toolbar will now appear on the right hand side of the taskbar which as it is unlocked will allow you to move it about.

Once positioned right click on the Quick Launch toolbar and remove text from icons and the bar itself.

Ransomware Protection

Windows Security > Virus & threat protection > Ransomware protection | Manage ransomware protection > Controlled folder access > set to 'On' > Protect folders > Add/Remove as desired.

Storage Sense


System Time

Start Administrator's Command Prompt (Win+X)

w32tm /query /status
w32tm /register
sc start W32Time
w32tm /config /update /manualpeerlist:””

Synchronise with a Domain Controller

net time /DOMAIN:domainname /querysntp /set

Default Programs Installation Drive and Folder

To change the registry, follow these steps:

  1. Start Registry Editor by entering “Regedit” in the search All programs.
  2. Locate the following: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion
  3. Right click on the value named ProgramFilesDir & change the default value C:\Program Files to the path you want to install all your programs in.
  4. Click OK and Exit.

Windows, by default, will now install your programs in the new drive or path.

Control Panel To Display All Icons (Classic View) (Professional & Ultimate)

  • RUN gpedit.msc
  • In the left hand pane click through:
'User Configuration' --> 'Administrative Templates' --> 'Control Panel'
  • In the right hand pane double click on:
'Always open All Control Panel Items when opening the Control Panel'
  • Select:




How to whitelist an app installed via store? Admin Powershell - Get-AppxPackage - Look through results to find app details - add to whitelist ie: Name  : SinewSoftwareSystems.EnpassPasswordManager Publisher  : CN=5B80C48B-44F4-4872-B8AF-8FDA0490C039 Architecture  : X86 ResourceId  : Version  : 6.6.322.0 PackageFullName  : SinewSoftwareSystems.EnpassPasswordManager_6.6.322.0_x86__fwdy0m65qb6h2 InstallLocation  : C:\Program


IsFramework  : False PackageFamilyName : SinewSoftwareSystems.EnpassPasswordManager_fwdy0m65qb6h2 PublisherId  : fwdy0m65qb6h2 IsResourcePackage : False IsBundle  : False IsDevelopmentMode : False Dependencies  : {Microsoft.VCLibs.140.00.UWPDesktop_14.0.27323.0_x86__8wekyb3d8bbwe,


IsPartiallyStaged : False SignatureKind  : Store Status  : Ok

PS C:\WINDOWS\system32> Get-AppxPackage Enpass PS C:\WINDOWS\system32>



Does more than just get rid of the crud.


First list all of the installed Apps to find the install name used to remove the App, this needs to done as Administrator in the Powershell:

Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers

Then to remove:

Get-AppxPackage *xbox* | Remove-AppxPackage
Get-AppxPackage *Microsoft.BingWeather* | Remove-AppxPackage

The above method only removes the App on a per user basis.

Mixed Reality Portal from Settings

  • Run 'regedit'
  • Navigate to - HKEY_CURRENT_USER > Software > Microsoft > Windows > CurrentVersion > Holographic
  • Locate DWORD value 'FirstRunSucceeded' and set to '0'


99/100% Disk Usage in Task Manager

Start > Settings > System > Notifications and actions > Turn off "Show me tips about Windows."

Black Screen & Cursor

This could be an issue with the graphics card trying to output its feed to a non-existent source.

Try pressing the Windows key & P (possibly several times) to see if you are presented with the source options.

Debloat Windows 10

Icon Cache

  • Right click on the start menu icon and select "Command Prompt (Admin)"
  • bcdedit /set {bootmgr} displaybootmenu yes
  • ie4uinit.exe -ClearIconCache
  • taskkill /IM explorer.exe /F
  • DEL “%localappdata%\IconCache.db” /A
  • shutdown /r /f /t 00

NOTE: The final command will immediately reboot the computer.

Store App Will Not Open

Method One:

Make sure you have a Microsoft account set up.

Method Two:

Cannot Connect To Samba Share


Animated Image Showing Instructions