Samba

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How to configure Samba to use SMBv2 and disable SMBv1

https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/how-to-configure-samba-to-use-smbv2-and-disable-smbv1-on-linux-or-unix/

Samba4 AD DC Ubuntu Install

http://blogging.dragon.org.uk/samba4-ad-dc-on-ubuntu-14-04/

Samba4 and DNSMasq

http://www.0xf8.org/2014/01/integrating-sambas-dns-server-with-existing-dnsmasq-installations/

HOWTO: FIX:

Network Performance Issues Errors

30 second delay when browsing fixed

Sage Accounts Performance Fix with Oplocks

Subnet Interface Errors

If you cannot access your samba server, and in the /var/log/samba/log.nmbd you see this error...

create_subnets: No local IPv4 non-loopback interfaces
create_subnets: Waiting for an interface to appear

...then change your interfaces parameter in /etc/samba/smb.conf to match your actual network interface card. For example...

From:

interfaces = 192.168.0.0/24 127.0.0.1

To:

interfaces = 192.168.0.200/24 127.0.0.1

Weird, but it works. :-/

SAMBA4 DC SysVol Replication

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/SysVol_Replication

crontab -e

# samba4 dc sysvol replication
@hourly /usr/bin/rsync -XAavz --delete-after --password-file=/usr/local/samba/etc/rsync-sysvol.secret rsync://sysvol-replication@samba.domain.com/SysVol/ /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/

# samba4 rebuild sysvol and check
01 * * * * /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
02 * * * * /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck

SAMBA4 Error In DC Replication

If you are getting these errors in your logs...

[2013/05/31 12:21:57,  0] ../source4/dsdb/repl/drepl_ridalloc.c:43(drepl_new_rid_pool_callback)
 ../source4/dsdb/repl/drepl_ridalloc.c:43: RID Manager failed RID allocation - WERR_BADFILE - extended_ret[0x0]

...and domain replication does not appear to be working, then you have the glibc (at least 2.17) nss dns resolver bug - where the resolver cannot look up names with an _ underscore.

To find your _msdcs_ name, look it up...

/usr/local/samba/bin/ldbsearch -H /usr/local/samba/private/sam.ldb '(invocationid=*)' --cross-ncs objectguid

To test this, try to ping the _msdcs_ name. You will receive an unknown host error...

ping 5813325c-fa80-4e0e-b76e-4666f6afe1e2._msdcs.xyz.com

To fix this, first add the _msdcs_ entry to /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain localhost
#127.0.1.1      samba2.xyz.com  samba2
192.168.0.208   5813325c-fa80-4e0e-b76e-4666f6afe1e2._msdcs.xyz.com samba.xyz.com samba
192.168.0.209   f0605966-1d4f-4fef-8a75-2a24863dbaa9._msdcs.xyz.com samba2.xyz.com samba2 

Second, make sure you add all the correct CNAME and A record entries in your Samba4 DCs DNS... that is, details of the secondary DC2 to _both_ DCs...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add 192.168.0.208 xyz.com samba2 A 192.168.0.209
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add 192.168.0.209 xyz.com samba2 A 192.168.0.209
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add 192.168.0.208 _msdcs.xyz.com f0605966-1d4f-4fef-8a75-2a24863dbaa9 CNAME samba2.xyz.com -UAdministrator
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add 192.168.0.209 _msdcs.xyz.com f0605966-1d4f-4fef-8a75-2a24863dbaa9 CNAME samba2.xyz.com -UAdministrator

Now try to ping the _msdcs_ name. It will work...

ping 5813325c-fa80-4e0e-b76e-4666f6afe1e2._msdcs.xyz.com

And you will see two-way tcp connections in netstat...

tcp        0      0 192.168.0.209:1024      192.168.0.208:36814     ESTABLISHED 582/samba       
tcp        0      0 192.168.0.209:35246     192.168.0.208:1024      ESTABLISHED 589/samba       

Amazingly simple, but it fixes it.

You should see the extra Domain Computers that were not on your Secondary Samba4 Domain Controller.

To confirm all is working, add or edit a user and check it on the DC2...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group listmembers "Domain Computers" |sort -f

or

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user list |sort -f

And look at the Replication status log...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs showrepl

Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA2
DSA Options: 0x00000001
DSA object GUID: f0605966-1d4f-4fef-8a75-2a24863dbaa9
DSA invocationId: d84e13de-4ed4-45e5-ba94-f04954536c51

==== INBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

CN=Configuration,DC=xyz,DC=com
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 5813325c-fa80-4e0e-b76e-4666f6afe1e2
                Last attempt @ Fri May 31 13:17:06 2013 BST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Fri May 31 13:17:06 2013 BST

==== OUTBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

CN=Configuration,DC=xyz,DC=com
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 5813325c-fa80-4e0e-b76e-4666f6afe1e2
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

==== KCC CONNECTION OBJECTS ====

Connection --
        Connection name: 32efa02a-2852-45e8-bb49-78f0f3927895
        Enabled        : TRUE
        Server DNS name : samba.xyz.com
        Server DN name  : CN=NTDS Settings,CN=SAMBA,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=xyz,DC=com
                TransportType: RPC
                options: 0x00000001

And check the Active Directory database consistency, etc...

root@samba:~# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs kcc
Consistency check on samba.xyz.com successful.

root@samba2:~# /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs kcc
Consistency check on samba2.xyz.com successful.
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dbcheck
Checking 274 objects
Checked 274 objects (0 errors)

Both DC1 and DC2 should give the same number of objects.


Error - process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares

sudo apt-get install libpam-smbpass
sudo service samba restart

Thanks to Stackoverflow.

Error - protocol negotiation failed: NT_STATUS_INVALID_NETWORK_RESPONSE

You may see this if you try smbclient with the server name instead of an IP address...

smbclient -U username //server1/shared
Enter username's password: 
protocol negotiation failed: NT_STATUS_INVALID_NETWORK_RESPONSE

To fix it, use the IP address instead...

smbclient -U username //127.0.0.1/shared
Enter username's password: 
Domain=[COMPANY] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 4.1.3-Ubuntu]
smb: \>

SAMBA4 Time Synchronisation

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Time_Synchronisation

gvfsd-smb-browse taking 100% CPU in Ubuntu 16.04

sudo chmod 744 /usr/lib/gvfs/gvfsd-smb-browse

Thanks to Its FOSS.

SAMBA4 Administrator 3000000 User Id Ownership In Windows Explorer Files

samba-tool group addmembers 'Users' Administrator

SAMBA4 Group Policy Error

Error

The processing of Group Policy failed. Windows attempted to read the file \\domain.com\sysvol\domain.com\Policies\{31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9}\gpt.ini from a domain controller and was not successful. Group Policy settings may not be applied until this event is resolved. This issue may be transient and could be caused by one or more of the following: 
a) Name Resolution/Network Connectivity to the current domain controller.
b) File Replication Service Latency (a file created on another domain controller has not replicated to the current domain controller).
c) The Distributed File System (DFS) client has been disabled.

Check

find /usr/local/samba/ -type d -name 'Policies'
/usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/domain.com/Policies/

/usr/local/samba/bin/smbcacls //domain.com/sysvol domain.com -U Administrator@domain.com
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbcacls //domain.com/sysvol domain.com/Policies/{31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9}/gpt.ini -U Administrator@domain.com

Fix

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck

Secondary DC

For some reason, the file replication did not work and the Group Policy files and folders were missing on the secondary domain controller.

Copy the Group Policies folder to the secondary domain controller...

rsync -h -a -v /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/domain.com/ root@192.168.0.209:/usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/domain.com/

Then, run the same 2 commands on the secondary dc to fix that as well...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck

Job, done.

Thanks - http://serverfault.com/questions/626755/samba4-domain-controller-group-policy-processing-fails-gpupdate-fails

HOWTO: LIST:

All Domain Users

/usr/local/samba/bin/wbinfo -u |sort

All Domain Groups

/usr/local/samba/bin/wbinfo -g |sort

HOWTO: Create A Share With Read And Write But NOT Delete

http://community.wd.com/t5/My-Book-Live/SOLVED-Read-Write-but-Don-t-Delete/td-p/406892

HOWTO: Use Ubuntu Nemo File Manager With Specific User Name

Type the following into the address bar of Nemo...

smb://username@123.456.789.0/sharedfolder/

HOWTO: Installing RSAT on Windows for AD Management

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Installing_RSAT_on_Windows_for_AD_Management

INFO: Samba4/videos

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba4/videos

HOWTO: Hide desktop.ini and $RECYCLE.BIN

nano /etc/samba/smb.conf
     hide files = /desktop.ini/$RECYCLE.BIN/

HOWTO: Shut Down Or Restart Windows PC

Shut down...

net rpc shutdown -U administrator@mydomain.com -S 10.0.0.10

Restart...

net rpc shutdown -r -U administrator@mydomain.com -S 10.0.0.10

HOWTO: Set Date And Time On A Remote Windows Desktop

Download, compile and install the winexe software...

sudo -i
cd
wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/winexe/winexe-1.00.tar.gz
tar xzvf winexe-1.00.tar.gz
cd winexe-1.00/source4/
./autogen.sh
./configure
make basics bin/winexe
cp -v ./bin/winexe /usr/local/bin/

Test...

winexe -V

Thanks - http://www.aldeid.com/wiki/Winexe

Then, use it to run a Windows command prompt on a remote desktop... (type exit to quit)

winexe --user Administrator%Password --runas Administrator%Password //192.168.0.67 "cmd.exe"

Or, use it to set the date and time on a remote Windows desktop... (note the extra double \\ to escape)

winexe --user Administrator%Password --runas Administrator%Password //192.168.0.67 "net time \\\\192.168.0.1 /set /yes"

HOWTO: Troubleshooting Samba

http://www.softpanorama.org/Net/Application_layer/Samba/troubleshooting_samba_problems.shtml

https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/using_samba/ch12.html

HOWTO: Test Host Access To Shares

Usage: testparm /path/to/configfile machinename ipaddress

testparm /etc/samba/smb.conf dt01 192.168.0.101

Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[shared]"
Loaded services file OK.
Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE
Allow connection from dt01 (192.168.0.101) to homes
Allow connection from dt01 (192.168.0.101) to shared

HOWTO: Find SMB Hosts On A Network

findsmb

http://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/Fedora/13/html/Deployment_Guide/s1-samba-programs.html

HOWTO: Discover Hosts With Shares

Discover what hosts have NMB port 139 open...

nmblookup -d2 '*'
Or...
nmap -p 139 -sT 192.168.0.*

Scan a host to find its NETBIOS hostname...

nmblookup -A 192.168.0.201

List a host shares...

smbclient -L \\COMPUTERNAME   (just pressing Enter might work here)

Or...

smbclient -L \\COMPUTERNAME -Uusername

Or...

smbclient -L \\COMPUTERNAME -Uusername -I ip-address

Or...

smbtree -b -N

Find Master Browser

nmblookup -M -- -

Check NetBIOS Names IP Addresses

smbtree
WORKGROUPNAME
       \\DT06         
       \\DT05         
       \\DT04         
       \\DT03         
       \\DT01         
       \\SERVER1                       server1 server (Samba, Ubuntu)
               \\SERVER1\shared                Shared file space
               \\SERVER1\IPC$                  IPC Service (server1 server (Samba, Ubuntu))
nmblookup -U WORKGROUPNAME -R 'DT01'
192.168.0.101 DT01<00>

SAMBA4 - A Little Light Reading

http://www.techradar.com/news/networking/samba-4-share-filesystems-between-linux-and-windows-1154705

http://petestechblog.com/archives/tag/windows-7

http://www.chriscowley.me.uk/blog/2013/12/16/integrating-rhel-with-active-directory/

http://www.okiprintingsolutions.com/support/printer/troubleshooting/detail.aspx?id=tcm:138-124905-16

http://www.okiprintingsolutions.com/support/printer/troubleshooting/detail.aspx?id=tcm:138-108998

http://www.oki.co.uk/support/printer/troubleshooting/detail.aspx?id=tcm:122-124905-16&prodid=tcm:122-114435

SAMBA4

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_4/OS_Requirements#Gentoo

eselect python set python2.7
python-updater
emerge --unmerge --ask app-crypt/mit-krb5
emerge --ask --quiet app-crypt/heimdal
revdep-rebuild -- -ask

echo "net-dns/bind berkdb dlz gssapi" >>/etc/portage/package.use
echo "net-dns/bind-tools gssapi" >>/etc/portage/package.use

emerge --ask --quiet net-dns/bind net-dns/bind-tools

nano /etc/portage/package.keywords
# required by samba4
sys-libs/tevent ~amd64
sys-libs/tdb ~amd64
sys-libs/ldb ~amd64
sys-libs/talloc ~amd64

nano /etc/portage/package.use
sys-libs/tdb python
sys-libs/talloc python 

emerge --ask --quiet sys-libs/talloc sys-libs/tdb sys-libs/tevent sys-libs/ldb   
emerge --ask --quiet net-libs/gnutls sys-apps/acl dev-libs/cyrus-sasl dev-python/subunit dev-python/dnspython net-dns/libidn

nano /etc/fstab
/dev/md4   /home     ext4     user_xattr,acl,barrier=1,noatime         1 1

cd /usr/src/linux
make menuconfig
make && make modules_install
cp -av arch/x86/boot/bzImage /boot/kernel-3.3.8-gentoo 
cp -av System.map /boot/System.map-3.3.8-gentoo 
cp -av .config /boot/config-3.3.8-gentoo 
reboot

mkdir /root/misc/
cd /root/misc/
touch test.txt
setfattr -n user.test -v test test.txt
setfattr -n security.test -v test2 test.txt
getfattr -d test.txt
getfattr -n security.test -d test.txt
touch test3.txt
setfacl -m g:adm:rwx test3.txt
getfacl test3.txt

eselect python set python2.7

mkdir /usr/src/samba4
cd /usr/src/samba4
git clone git://git.samba.org/samba.git samba-master
cd samba-master
./configure --enable-debug --enable-selftest
make
Waf: Leaving directory `/usr/src/samba4/samba-master/bin'
'build' finished successfully (11m54.988s)

make install
Waf: Leaving directory `/usr/src/samba4/samba-master/bin'
'install' finished successfully (3m15.214s)

samba.EXAMPLE.com ~ $ /usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool domain provision
Realm [EXAMPLE.COM]:
 Domain [EXAMPLE]:
 Server Role (dc, member, standalone) [dc]:
 DNS backend (SAMBA_INTERNAL, BIND9_FLATFILE, BIND9_DLZ, NONE) [SAMBA_INTERNAL]:
 DNS forwarder IP address (write 'none' to disable forwarding) [192.168.0.1]:
Administrator password:
Retype password:
Looking up IPv4 addresses
More than one IPv4 address found. Using 172.16.215.1
Looking up IPv6 addresses
No IPv6 address will be assigned
Setting up share.ldb
Setting up secrets.ldb
Setting up the registry
Setting up the privileges database
Setting up idmap db
Setting up SAM db
Setting up sam.ldb partitions and settings
Setting up sam.ldb rootDSE
Pre-loading the Samba 4 and AD schema
Adding DomainDN: DC=EXAMPLE,DC=com
Adding configuration container
Setting up sam.ldb schema
Setting up sam.ldb configuration data
Setting up display specifiers
Modifying display specifiers
Adding users container
Modifying users container
Adding computers container
Modifying computers container
Setting up sam.ldb data
Setting up well known security principals
Setting up sam.ldb users and groups
Setting up self join
Adding DNS accounts
Creating CN=MicrosoftDNS,CN=System,DC=EXAMPLE,DC=com
Creating DomainDnsZones and ForestDnsZones partitions
Populating DomainDnsZones and ForestDnsZones partitions
Setting up sam.ldb rootDSE marking as synchronized
Fixing provision GUIDs
A Kerberos configuration suitable for Samba 4 has been generated at /usr/local/samba/private/krb5.conf
Once the above files are installed, your Samba4 server will be ready to use
Server Role:           active directory domain controller
Hostname:              samba
NetBIOS Domain:        EXAMPLE
DNS Domain:            EXAMPLE.com
DOMAIN SID:            S-1-5-21-1142887457-1374467446-1811036830

cp /usr/local/samba/private/krb5.conf /etc/

cat /etc/resolv.conf
domain example.com
nameserver 192.168.0.208

cat /usr/local/samba/etc/smb.conf
# Global parameters
[global]
       workgroup = EXAMPLE
       realm = EXAMPLE.COM
       netbios name = SAMBA
       server role = active directory domain controller
       dns forwarder = 192.168.0.1

[netlogon]
       path = /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol/example.com/scripts
       read only = No

[sysvol]
       path = /usr/local/samba/var/locks/sysvol
       read only = No


/usr/local/samba/sbin/samba -i -M single
(separate terminal)

$ /usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient --version
Version 4.1.0pre1-GIT-8aae8b5

$ /usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient -L localhost -U%
Domain=[EXAMPLE] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 4.1.0pre1-GIT-8aae8b5]

       Sharename       Type      Comment
       ---------       ----      -------
       netlogon        Disk
       sysvol          Disk
       IPC$            IPC       IPC Service (Samba 4.1.0pre1-GIT-8aae8b5)
Domain=[EXAMPLE] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 4.1.0pre1-GIT-8aae8b5]
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient //localhost/netlogon -UAdministrator%'passW0rd' -c 'ls'
host -t SRV _ldap._tcp.example.com.
_ldap._tcp.example.com has SRV record 0 100 389 samba.example.com.
host -t SRV _kerberos._udp.example.com.
_kerberos._udp.example.com has SRV record 0 100 88 samba.example.com.

kinit Administrator@EXAMPLE.COM
Administrator@EXAMPLE.COM's Password:
 
klist
Credentials cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
       Principal: Administrator@EXAMPLE.COM
Issued                Expires               Principal
Apr 10 15:52:04 2013  Apr 11 01:52:04 2013  krbtgt/EXAMPLE.COM@EXAMPLE.COM


-= DNS ISSUES / PROBLEMS / HOW TO EDIT SAMBA4_INTERNAL A RECORDS =-

host -t A samba.example.com
samba.example.com has address 172.16.215.1
samba.example.com has address 172.16.224.1
samba.example.com has address 192.168.0.208

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns zonelist 192.168.0.208

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns delete samba example.com @ A 172.16.215.1
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns delete samba example.com samba.example.com A 172.16.215.1
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns delete samba example.com @ A 172.16.224.1
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns delete samba example.com samba.example.com A 172.16.224.1

Testing From Windows

ipconfig /release
ipconfig /renew
ipconfig /all
net view /domain:$DOMAIN
net view \\$ADHOST
nbtstat -A $ADHOST_IP4

0. http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/Samba4_as_Active_Directory_Server

1. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba4

2. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_4/OS_Requirements

3. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_AD_DC_HOWTO

4. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Configuring_a_windows_client_for_AD

5. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_AD_management_from_windows

6. http://www.alexwyn.com/computer-tips/centos-samba4-active-directory-domain-controller

7. http://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Backup_and_Recovery

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Add File Server As A Domain Member

http://linuxtot.com/add-a-simple-samba-file-server-as-a-domain-member/

Testing

testparm -s
smbstatus
smbclient -L \\127.0.0.1   (just press enter when asked for password)
net ads info
wbinfo -u
wbinfo -g
getent passwd
smbclient -U Administrator //127.0.0.1/shared

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Stop Samba Daemons

Gentoo

sudo -i
start-stop-daemon --stop --pidfile /usr/local/samba/var/run/samba.pid

Ubuntu

sudo start-stop-daemon --stop --pidfile /usr/local/samba/var/run/samba.pid

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Check Everything

Version

/usr/local/samba/sbin/samba --version

Configuration

/usr/local/samba/bin/testparm -s
cat /etc/hosts
cat /etc/resolv.conf

Start

/usr/local/samba/sbin/samba
tail /usr/local/samba/var/log.smbd
tail /usr/local/samba/var/log.samba
pidof samba

Authenticate

kinit Administrator
klist

Status

/usr/local/samba/bin/smbstatus

DNS

/usr/bin/nslookup dc.domain.com dc.domain.com
/usr/bin/host -t SRV _ldap._tcp.domain.com.
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns query dc domain.com @ ALL -U Administrator
/usr/bin/dig
/usr/bin/nslookup dc

Database

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dbcheck

Consistency

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs kcc

Role

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool fsmo show

Shares

/usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient -L localhost -U%

Netlogon

/usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient //localhost/netlogon -U username

Replication

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs showrepl
netstat -ntap |grep '1024'

Sysvol

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolreset
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck
find /usr/local/samba/ -type d -name 'Policies'
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbcacls //domain.com/sysvol domain.com -U Administrator@domain.com
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbcacls //domain.com/sysvol domain.com/Policies/{31B2F340-016D-11D2-945F-00C04FB984F9}/gpt.ini -U Administrator@domain.com

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Check Database And User Passwords In DC Replication

On PDC (Primary Domain Controller) DC #1...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dbcheck
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs showrepl
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient //localhost/netlogon -U username

On SDC (Secondary Domain Controller) DC #2...

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dbcheck
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool ntacl sysvolcheck
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs showrepl
/usr/local/samba/bin/smbclient //localhost/netlogon -U username

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Move DC1 To A Virtual Computer

  1. check daily backup files on physical dc1
  2. make note of physical dc1 mac and ip address
  3. copy daily backup files from physical dc1 to virtual dc1
  4. restore daily backup files on virtual dc1 - https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Backup_and_Recovery#Restore
  5. rsync sysvol from physical dc1 to virtual dc1, reset and check
  6. rsync sysvol from physical dc1 to virtual dc2, reset and check
  7. shut down ALL other windows servers and pcs
  8. shut down virtual dc2
  9. shut down physical dc1
  10. take out power and network cables from physical dc1
  11. shut down virtual dc1
  12. change mac address and ip address on virtual dc1 to match physical dc1
  13. start virtual dc1
  14. check mac and ip address, route, ping, etc.
  15. follow "check everything" on wiki - http://wiki.indie-it.com/wiki/Samba#SAMBA4_HOWTO:_Check_Everything
  16. say 3 hail mary's, do a rain dance and pray to your deity :)
  17. check a domain login with a windows pc
  18. start up a second pc
  19. start up the servers
  20. start up the rest :)
  21. backup virtual dc1... and breath a sigh of relief

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Move DC1 To Another Computer (OLD NOTES)

  1. Start up virtual DC1 with no Samba installed.
  2. Install exactly the same Samba version on virtual DC1, but do not start yet.
  3. Shut down real DC2.
  4. Backup real DC1 using Samba script.
  5. Shut down real DC1.
  6. Restore from real DC1 to virtual DC1 using Samba script.
  7. Basic DNS, LDAP and Kerberos checks.
  8. Start virtual DC1 Samba and test Windows logon and log files for errors.
  9. Start real DC2.
  10. Check replication.

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Windows Roaming Profiles

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba_%26_Windows_Profiles

http://www.golinuxhub.com/2012/08/create-roaming-profiles-in-samba4.html

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Add New User, Specific Group, Non Expiring Password

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user create newuser P4ssw0rD --given-name=New --surname=User
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user setpassword newuser --newpassword=P4ssw0rD
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user setexpiry newuser --noexpiry
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group addmembers 'Users' newuser
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group addmembers 'Print Operators' newuser
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group listmembers 'Users' |sort
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool group listmembers 'Domain Users' |sort

http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/manpages/samba-tool.8.html

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba-tool-external

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Map Samba4 Users To Their UNIX UID

sudo cp -av /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb /root/
sudo aptitude install -y ldb-tools
sudo id plittlefield
sudo wbinfo --name-to-sid plittlefield
sudo wbinfo --sid-to-uid S-1-5-21-3341700322-3244603124-2130708482-1109
sudo ldbedit -H /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb objectsid=S-1-5-21-3341700322-3244603124-2130708482-1109
wbinfo --sid-to-uid S-1-5-21-3341700322-3244603124-2130708482-1109 1000 

Thanks - http://www.blackhole-networks.com/Cheatsheets/Samba4Map/

SAMBA4 HOWTO: List All AD Groups

samba-tool group list |sort

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Add AD Group

samba-tool group add GroupName

SAMBA4 HOWTO: List AD Group Members

samba-tool group listmembers 'Administrators'

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Add AD Group Members

samba-tool group addmembers 'Administrators' username1
samba-tool group addmembers 'Administrators' username2,username3,username4

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Remove AD Group Members

samba-tool group removemembers 'Administrators' username

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Force DC Replication

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool drs replicate dc2.domain.com dc1.domain.com CN=Configuration,DC=domain,DC=com -U Administrator

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Check DC LDAP Replication

Compare the entire directory on Domain Controller DC1 and DC2...

samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator

Compare single AD partitions on Domain Controller DC1 and DC2...

samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator domain
samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator configuration
samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator schema
samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator dnsdomain
samba-tool ldapcmp ldap://DC1 ldap://DC2 -Uadministrator dnsforest

Thanks - https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba-tool_ldapcmp

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Samba Tool Documentation

https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/manpages/samba-tool.8.html

SAMBA4 HOWTO: DNS Administration

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/DNS_Administration

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Query Server Information

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns serverinfo server

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Query Root Hints Information

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns roothints server

SAMBA4 HOWTO: List Zones

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns zonelist server

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Query / Show All Entries In DNS

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns query server domain.com @ ALL

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Edit Entries In DNS

A Record

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns update server domain.com www A 123.456.789.0 123.456.789.1

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Reverse DNS

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add dc domain.com DT01 A 192.168.0.101
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns zonecreate dc 0.168.192.in-addr.arpa
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns add dc 0.168.192.in-addr.arpa 101 PTR DT01
/etc/init.d/samba stop
/etc/init.d/samba start
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns query dc domain.com @ ALL -U Administrator
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool dns query dc 0.168.192.in-addr.arpa @ ALL -U Administrator
host dt01
host 192.168.0.101
nslookup dt01
nslookup 192.168.0.101
ping dt01

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Change Normal User Password

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user setpassword JoeBloggs --newpassword=MyNewPassword -U Administrator

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Change Administrator Password

kpasswd

and

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user setpassword Administrator
New Password: 
Enter it again:
Password changed.

http://www.golinuxhub.com/2013/03/changing-password-of-administrator-in.html

SAMBA4 HOWTO: FIX: NT_STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_NOT_FOUND

Problem...

sudo smbclient -L localhost -U%
session setup failed: NT_STATUS_OBJECT_NAME_NOT_FOUND

Fix...

sudo apt-get install winbind
sudo reboot

SAMBA4 HOWTO: Windows 10

Problems Connecting To Shares - SMBv1 SMBv2

Thanks - https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/2696547

Problems Administering - Backup Key

Upgrade to Samba 4.3.

The problem is related to a buggy and/or incomplete implementation of the "Backup Key" sub-protocol that older Samba versions have. You'll probably notice that Credential Manager was also unusable for the same reason.

Alternatively, use an older OS to manage the directory – e.g. Server 2003 can create user accounts without any problems, since it doesn't use the "Backup Key" protocol for anything yet. (I am not sure about Server 2008.)

Unfortunately, 4.3 is not yet packaged for Ubuntu – still pending in Debian's "unstable" too – however, it's actually easy to build Samba from source code.

As for the [Users] block, it simply defines a shared folder.

In smb.conf, every section except [global] corresponds to a share definition – "netlogon" and "sysvol" are special AD shares, and "Users" is probably a custom one.

Thanks - http://serverfault.com/questions/759283/cannot-create-new-users-in-active-directory-using-samba4-as-dc-and-ad

Problems RSAT - The RPC server is unavailable

Upgrade from 14.04 LTS to 16.04 LTS...

sudo do-release-upgrade

Then, follow this...

https://lists.samba.org/archive/samba/2016-April/199416.html

SAMBA4 TO DO

  • Updating From GIT

Shut down Samba on both DC1 and DC2.

git pull

...but may have to do:-

git clean -x -f -d

Make and Install as above.

Start Samba on both DC1 and DC2.

  • Ubuntu Startup Script

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba4/InitScript

  • Secondary AD DC
samba-tool rds showrepl

1. On the server you have already installed what you want to match:-

  $ cd /usr/src/samba4/samba-master
  $ git log -1

This will show you have HASH revision number.

2. On the server you want to install the same:-

  $ mkdir /usr/src/samba4
  $ cd /usr/src/samba4/
  $ git clone git://git.samba.org/samba.git samba-master
  $ cd samba-master/
  $ git checkout 8aae8b5bad167ac732b7f8949dfb40aebb2f26a9
  $ git reset --hard

Proceed as above for installing the software.

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Samba4/HOWTO/Join_a_domain_as_a_DC

  • List Domain Users
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user list |sort
  • Active Directory Windows Tool
dsa.msc
  • DNS Editing

Adding an A record...

samba-tool dns add server zone name A|AAAA|PTR|CNAME|NS|MX|SRV|TXT data

Example...

samba-tool dns add samba example.com www A 123.456.789.0

Record added successfully

Testing...

nslookup www.example.com samba
Server:         samba
Address:        192.168.0.208#53

Name:   www.example.com
Address: 123.456.789.0
  • Slow Logons
Fixed by deleting multiple incorrect IP addresses for Samba4 server.
  • Add New Users in Linux command-line
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool user add jbloggs joe
  • Non Complex Passwords
/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool domain passwordsettings set --complexity=off
Password complexity deactivated!
All changes applied successfully!

/usr/local/samba/bin/samba-tool domain passwordsettings set --min-pwd-length=3
Minimum password length changed!
All changes applied successfully!
  • Backup and Restore

https://wiki.samba.org/index.php/Backup_and_Recovery

  • Gentoo Samba4 Startup Script
#!/sbin/runscript
# Copyright 1999-2011 Gentoo Foundation
# Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
# $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo-x86/net-fs/samba/files/samba4.initd,v 1.3 2011/09/14 22:52:33 polynomial-c Exp  $

extra_started_commands="reload"

description="The samba daemon init script"
description_reload="Reloads the samba daemon"

depend() {
       need net
}

start() {
       ebegin "Starting samba"
       start-stop-daemon --start --exec /usr/local/samba/sbin/samba
       eend $?
}

stop() {
       ebegin "Stopping samba"
       start-stop-daemon --stop --pidfile /usr/local/samba/var/run/samba.pid
       eend $?
}

reload() {
       ebegin "Reloading samba"
       killall -HUP samba
       eend $?
}

HOWTO: Restrict File Sharing To Particular Users or Network Addresses

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/samba-user-network-file-sharing-restictions/

Shut Down A Windows PC Remotely

net rpc SHUTDOWN -C "Test of remote shutdown with Samba" -f -I "192.168.0.61" -W DOMAIN -U username%password

Shutdown of remote machine succeeded

ERROR: read_data: Accessing Share From Windows 7

Windows PC cannot access Samba Share. This is from Samba log file (/var/log/samba/log.mypc)...

 [2012/06/08 12:03:21, 0] lib/util_sock.c:read_data(534)
 read_data: read failure for 4 bytes to client 192.168.0.55. Error = Connection reset by peer

Fix #1:

Control Panel > System and Security > Administrative Tools > Local Security Policy
Local Policies > Security Options > Network Security
LAN Manager Authentication Level > Send LM & NTML Responses
Uncheck Require 128-bit Encryption on Clients
Uncheck Require 128-bit Encryption on Servers
Save and Reboot

Fix #2:

Control Panel > Credentials Manager > Browse to Samba Server and check or delete stored usernames and passwords
Save and Reboot

Adding And Testing Users

Adding...

smbpasswd -a testuser

or...

pdbedit -a -u testuser

Testing...

grep 'testuser' /etc/passwd
testuser:*:1001:1001::0:0:Test User:/home/testuser:/usr/sbin/nologin
pdbedit -u testuser
testuser:1001:Test User
pdbedit -v -u testuser

Add Roaming Profile Machine Trust Account

useradd -c "Company 003 Machine Account" -d /dev/null -g machines -s /bin/false company-003$
smbpasswd -a -n -m company-003

You should have entries like the following:

/etc/passwd: company-010$:x:1016:101:Company-010 Machine Account:/dev/null:/bin/false
/etc/shadow: company-003$:!:15393:0:99999:7:::
/var/lib/samba/private/smbpasswd: company-003$:1035:XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX:2D6AF5372CEEE519054B3EAA0FC1B9D6:[W          ]:LCT-4F4664C3:

Test Samba Share Via Command Line

server.domain.co.uk ~ $ smbclient -U username //server.domain.co.uk/sharename
Password: 
Domain=[DOAMIN] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 3.0.28]
smb: \> ls
smb: \> quit

Tweaks For Network Browsing

smb port = 139
local master = yes
domain master = yes
preferred master = yes
os level = 35
interfaces = 192.168.0.0/24 127.0.0.1
bind interfaces only = yes

Windows 7: Domain Log On

There are currently two registry settings required to be added on the Windows 7 client prior to joining a Samba Domain. These are:

        HKLM\System\CCS\Services\LanmanWorkstation\Parameters
            DWORD  DomainCompatibilityMode = 1
            DWORD  DNSNameResolutionRequired = 0

Do not edit any other registry parameters (NETLOGON) that have been seen in the wild. If you have already modified your Windows 7 registry, please make sure to reset the keys to their default values.

If you have changed the NETLOGON Parameters, make sure and turn them back to '1' as shown below:

       HKLM\System\CCS\Services\Netlogon\Parameters
           DWORD  RequireSignOrSeal = 1
           DWORD  RequireStrongKey = 1

Primary Domain Controller

http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/Samba/Primary_Domain_Controller