Xubuntu

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Do These Things After The Initial Install

Updating The System

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install aptitude 
sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade

Once the updates have finished installing for completeness restart the system. Rebooting is not normally required in Linux but as this is the first update after installation it makes good sense to do so.

Software Updates

Normally after logging in for the first time the Software Update window should appear, close it. Then from the start menu open 'Terminal Emulator' and run the following:

sudo software-properties-gtk

Confirm your password and then from the new window select the second tab 'Other Software', alter the check boxes to match those show below.


Xubuntu other software.jpg


Next select the 'Updates' tab alter the check boxes to match those shown below, the frequency of system automatically checking for updates can also be set as well.


Xubuntu software updates.jpg


When done click the 'Close' button.

You will then be presented with a new windows, click on the 'Reload' button and the system will update the software repositories and settings:


Xubuntu out of date.jpg

Remove Unwanted Software

There are two ways to remove software, either via the Software Centre or the terminal.

Method One:

  • In the start menu type 'Ubuntu Software Centre' then click on the menu entry to open.
  • Click on the 'Installed' icon.

Software To Remove

  • AbiWord
sudo aptitude purge '~nabiword'
sudo aptitude remove libgtkmathview0c2a
  • Gmusicbrowser
  • Gnumeric
sudo aptitude purge '~ngnumeric'
  • Gigolo
  • Orage
  • Parole Media Player
  • Transmission

Method Two

sudo apt-get remove -y abiword* gmusicbrowser gnumeric* gigolo orage parole transmission-*

Software To Install

CUPS - PDF

sudo aptitude install cups-pdf

LibreOffice

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:libreoffice/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install libreoffice libreoffice-gnome myspell-en-gb libreoffice-help-en-gb libreoffice-style-sifr
sudo apt-get remove libreoffice-style-human hunspell-en-us

NotifyOSD

Customizable Notification Bubbles

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:leolik/leolik 
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install notify-osd

Graphical Configuration Tool

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install notify-osd

Mozilla Thunderbird

sudo apt-get install thunderbird-locale-en-gb
sudo apt-get remove thunderbird-locale-en-us

Nemo - File Manager

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/nemo
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install nemo nemo-fileroller

Setting Nemo As The Default File Manager:

  • Open the start menu
  • Click on the 'All Settings' button (bottom of the start menu opposite the username)
  • In the 'Personal' section click on 'Preferred Applications'
  • Select the 'Utilities' tab
  • Click on the arrow at the end of Thunar under 'File Manager'
  • Click the browse button (which should open in /usr/bin/ if not browse to it) and select 'nemo'
  • Click 'OK' twice then if you have finished 'Close'

NOTE: It is not advisable to remove Thunar file manager as it relies on the xubuntu-desktop which would also be removed. Removing xubuntu-desktop would prevent the OS from being upgraded to a newer distribution release in the future.

VLC

VLC is a free and open source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files as well as DVD, Audio CD, VCD, and various streaming protocols.

Open a terminal and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install vlc

HOWTO: FIX

No Mouse After Lock Screen

CTRL+ALT+F1
CTRL+ALT+F7

HOWTO: DISABLE:

Mlocate

sudo chmod -x /etc/cron.daily/mlocate

Thanks - http://askubuntu.com/questions/268130/can-i-disable-updatedb-mlocate

HOWTO: MODIFY:

Keyboard Shortcuts

Cycle Windows For The Same Application

You can cycle between all open windows using ALT+Tab, but if you have multiple instances of a particular programme open you may just want to cycle between only those. There is a default of Super+Tab (Super being the left Windows key) but this does not appear to work. So to alter the keyboard combination:

Whisker - Settings - Window Manager - Keyboard (tab) - Switch windows for same application (Action)
  • Highlight and click the edit button, select your desired combination, click the close button.

I used ALT+¬ (¬ being the Grave accent key next to the number 1 key) as this is the same combination for Unity & Gnome.

Whisker Menu Launch Combination

Whisker - Settings - Keyboard - Application Shortcuts (tab)
  • In the 'Command' column locate the entry 'xfce4-popup-whiskermenu', double click on the entry in the opposite 'Shortcut' column.
  • A pop-up windows will appear asking you to select you new keyboard combination, on doing so the windows shuts
  • Close the 'Keyboard' windows.

I used the Super (left hand Windows key) as this is the same for Unity and Microsoft Windows.

Whisker Menu

Alter Menu Panel Appearance

  • Right click on icon, select on 'Properties'
  • Under 'Panel Button' - 'Display:' - Select 'Icon & title' from drop down menu

Further Tweaks

https://sites.google.com/site/easylinuxtipsproject/first-xubuntu

Downloads

Nvidia Drivers

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/x-updates
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install nvidia-current